SEROLOGICAL RESPONSE OF DROMEDARY CAMELS VACCINATED WITH Brucella abortus RB51 AND Brucella melitensis REV 1 VACCINES
Journal Year: 2019
Journal Month: August
Published On: 27-09-2019 15:40:00
Article DOI: 10.5958/2277-8934.2019.00018.3

U Wernery, Rodriguez Caveney M, Sh Jose, B Johnson, R Raghavan, J Christopher,
G Syriac, Sh M Thomas and N M Paily
Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, P O Box 597, Dubai, UAE
ABSTRACT


A vaccination experiment was conducted in dromedary camels at CVRL. Six adult dromedaries received 2 ml of the Brucella abortus vaccine RB51 subcutaneously and 6 camels 1ml of the B. melitensis Rev 1. Four different serological tests were conducted to follow the seroconversion post vaccination. None of the 6 dromedaries vaccinated with RB51 produced antibodies, measured for 1 year, due to lack of lipopolysaccharide O - side chains in the vaccine. However, antibodies appeared in all 6 dromedaries 30 days post vaccination with B. melitensis Rev 1, which declined slowly over time. Three hundred thirty days post vaccination ELISA antibodies were still present in 5 of the 6 dromedaries as well as RBT, SAT and CFT antibodies in some of them. This is a disadvantage as all serological methods for the diagnosis of brucellosis cannot differentiate between vaccine or natural infection titres.
Key words: Antibodies, Brucella abortus RB51, Brucella melitensis, serology, vaccination against brucellosis


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